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Hackers come in all ages, shapes, sizes, genders, races, religious affiliations, political ideologies and nationalities.


Sometimes hackers act alone and other times in concert with other hackers. In today’s world, hacking has gone beyond such pranks as defacing websites into the realm of cyber-terrorism and cyber-warfare.

Stealing secrets from companies or individuals for profit (cyber-criminals) pales in comparison to, stealing government secrets (usually done by nation states against another country) or attacking another country’s infrastructure (e.g., electric / power grid – see: Grid-down Section) or perhaps their military systems.


Cyber-terrorists basically conduct attacks like nation states do; however, their aim is to create terror as much as it is to create war (although it might be difficult to distinguish between the two if you are on the receiving end) and is often driven by ideology.


What planning have you done to ensure it doesn’t happen to you?

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